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Many educators employ extinction strategies (interventions that withhold positive or negative reinforcement of escape behavior). PROACTIVE & REACTIVE STRATEGIES Gary Champlin, Ph.D. Strategies for dealing with challenging behaviors (i.e., problem behaviors) can be classified as either PROACTIVE or REACTIVE. The antecedent, behavior, and consequence are known collectively as the ABCs of behavior. Extinction. As a general rule, ABA avoids the use of punishment unless positive strategies alone have been determined to be insufficient to elicit necessary change. (1) The pattern of behavior that impedes the student's learning or the learning of others. This week, we are continuing my Behavior Strategies Series where I focus on the 4 main functions of behavior and what you can do to prevent them from taking over your classroom.. the function of escape and avoidance can range from social withdrawal, stereotypy, elopement, tantrums, self-injurious behavior, and aggression (Cipani, 1998). Positive punishment occurs when a stimulus (i.e. what “caused” the behavior). As mentioned in a previous article, behavior has three parts: the antecedent, the behavior itself, and the consequence. Time Out from Positive Reinforcement ... • Make the contract all positive. In last week’s blog, I put the spotlight on Strategies for Power and Control behaviors. Behavior interventions should be proactive, but some reactive strategies are necessary, especially to manage an incident. Daily intervention and/or in the formal Behavior Intervention Plan Areas to Consider: Academics Antecedent/Setting Manipulation Proactive Strategies are interventions which are used on an ongoing basis in an attempt to reduce the likelihood of occurrence of the challenging behavior. The following tables provide possible intervention strategies to incorporate into a comprehensive behavior intervention plan based on the function of the problem behavior. Change Behavior Simple Strategies to Change Behavior Janet Vasquez Clinical Director, World Evolve, Inc May 9, 2013. The consequence is whatever happens after the behavior. sitting in a “time out” chair, spanking, etc.) Negatively Reinforced Behaviors—Escape or Avoid Task or Environment Intervention Strategy Example(s) (3) The positive interventions and supports, and other strategies, to: (A) address the behavior; and (B) maximize consistency of implementation across people and The antecedent is whatever happened right before the behavior (i.e. is added and the result is a decrease in the behavior in the future. ... or allow the child to escape task demands. Reactive Strategies for Noncompliance in ABA Therapy. Extinction simply means removing reinforcement for the behavior. Here is a sampling of strategies that teachers can use either to head off or to provide consequences for low- to medium-level student misbehavior: Prior to Occurrence of Behavior(s): Break student tasks into manageable 'chunks': Students may misbehave to escape activities that they find too hard or tedious. Typically, teachers fear that any effort to modify the task Additional resources are listed at this end of this handout. Behavior Strategies Proactive vs Reactive –Some strategies function as both! If the non-compliant behavior is due to escape, the student should be required to follow through with the task. This article will identify four intervention strategies that can be used when an FBA suggests that problem behaviors serve an escape or avoidance function: extinction, antecedent manipulation, functional communication training, and positive reinforcement of compliance. (2) The purpose or function of the behavior as identified in a functional behavioral assessment. 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